Scientific name: Hericium erinaceus
Synonyms: Yamabusitake (jap.: mountain hidden mushroom), Pom-Pom blanc, hóu tóu gu (chin.: monkey's head), nam dau khi, Norugongdengi-beoseot (vietnam.: deertail mushroom)
Natural habitat: The Lion's Mane prefers dead hardwood such as oak, walnut, beech, maple, sycamore tree. Common during late summer and fall in deciduous forests of Europe, North America and Asia (in particular in China and Japan).
Appropriate substrate: Hardwood (mostly oak, beech, birch, walnut, maple)
Usage: Edible mushroom, vital mushroom
Hericium erinaceus (also called monkey’s head, lion's mane mushroom, bearded tooth mushroom, hedgehog mushroom, bearded hedgehog mushroom, pom pom mushroom, or bearded tooth fungus) is an edible mushroom and vital mushroom in the tooth fungus group. It can be identified by its tendency to grow all the spines out from one group (rather than branches), long spines and its appearance on hardwoods. Although it is growing in Europe, it is not well known.
For its unique delicious taste and the very decorative coral-like look the lion's mane mushroom becomes more and more a sought component of nouvelle cuisine. It has been proven that Hericium contains potassium, zinc, iron, germanium, selenium, phosphorus, but only little sodium; in addition, all essential amino acids, as well as polysaccharides and polypeptides.
Genus: Hericium erinaceus
Spores: White, elliptic, from smooth to slightly rough; 5.5 – 7 x 4.5 – 5.5 µ